What is GERD?
GERD stands for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, which is a chronic digestive disorder that occurs when stomach acid or bile flows back up into the esophagus. Normally, a ring of muscle at the bottom of the esophagus, called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), prevents acid from flowing back up into the esophagus.
In people with GERD, the LES doesn’t function properly, allowing stomach acid and other contents to flow back up into the esophagus. This can cause symptoms such as heartburn, acid regurgitation, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, and chronic cough.
GERD is a relatively common condition, affecting up to 20% of adults in Western countries. While occasional acid reflux is normal, frequent or persistent acid reflux may indicate GERD and require medical attention. Treatment may include lifestyle modifications, such as weight loss and avoiding trigger foods, as well as medication or surgery in severe cases.
Are there any Specific Stages to Identify GERD?
There are no specific stages of GERD, but physicians may use various methods to diagnose and identify and then code the corresponding GERD ICD-10 Codes for medical billing services and reimburesement purposes. These methods may include: